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We have many certified writers who are ready to happily process your essay even with a 4-hour deadline. Our team of writing experts is available on call and can churn out an outstanding essay for you on short notice without compromising on quality. Our essay writing service is tailored to fit your budget. This is evident from the study carried out by Manuela Ribeiro et al. This also appears to be the view of certain civil society organisations interviewed by us, who work directly with female prostitutes.
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Two risks emerge from this. I think that the link between prostitution and immigrant communities only came about because immigration became a topic for debate in society, and from then onwards certain stereotypes were created and one of those that I can see has been created, a negative one, is to associate immigrant women, particularly those from certain countries, with prostitution. From the moment they arrive at the airport, the treatment they receive on entry is different.
We have acquired the idea of a certain profile. E7, non-governmental organisation 4. The relationship between prostitution and trafficking and the distinction, where it exists, between enforced and voluntary prostitution are controversial matters which require a brief historical contextualisation. In the 19 th century, the intensification of female migration as an independent and self-determined strategy soon created a certain fear of the immorality that might be introduced into Western countries, specifically due to the perception that women had migrated to work as prostitutes.
This led to a racially and sexually based panic that gave rise to the fear of white slave trafficking. The exploitation of prostitution was punishable, and consent to these practices irrelevant. Some governments believed that, although the Convention did not directly criminalise prostitution, it contained certain provisions that appeared to point in this direction, thus contradicting provisions on prostitution contained in national legislation.
It happens anyway; why not reduce the risk.
It was also argued that the clauses in the Convention did not make a clear distinction between voluntary and forced prostitution. It was in the s that the feminist movement began to wake up to the question of international trafficking and prostitution, although without reaching a consensus on the matter. Kathleen Barry , one of the founders of the Coalition Against Trafficking in Women CATW and one of the most active voices on this front, argues that sexual exploitation is a political condition and the basis of the subordination of and discrimination against women and the perpetuation of patriarchy.
Those who support this position make no distinction between enforced and voluntary prostitution and consider that any concession by the state towards legalisation is essentially a concession to constant violations of human rights, dignity and sexual autonomy. As trafficking is closely linked to prostitution, abolitionist feminists argue that the former is more easily fought by fighting prostitution and believe that the path followed by various states, including Holland and Germany, which involves establishing a distinction between trafficking and prostitution, is dangerous.
In their view, by legalising prostitution the message that states are sending out to women is that, within a context of culturally acceptable patriarchal practices, when all other opportunities have run out society will provide them with another which they should not refuse, namely selling their own body.
The latter does not see prostitution as an essentially degrading activity or as an instance of the extreme sexual oppression of women, but rather as an activity that reflects the right of women to control their own bodies, which includes providing sexual services.
They therefore argue that prostitution is a job that should have a legally established framework so that the rights of sex workers, who are not necessarily only those who practice prostitution, can be respected. According to them, the abolitionist feminists have created an image of the woman from the South as the eternal submissive who is ignorant, bound by traditional cultural concepts and victimised, whilst Western women emerge as the civilized saviours.
In our understanding, this is not to deny that sex trafficking exists as a form of violence against women, but to demand that multiple perspectives be taken into account when considering the phenomenon. Sex trafficking cannot be understood as a one-dimensional interpretation based on gender and the oppression of women by patriarchy, since the complexity of the actual sex industry evades this analysis. Trafficking emerges not only from patriarchal relationships but also from state, capitalist, imperialist and racial power Kempadoo, a: 61 , since all converge in the sex market.
Moreover, these are variables that have made feminist studies enter into a dialogue with other theories. This is why we are increasingly seeing variables such as race, religion or sexual orientation being taken into consideration in studies on domestic violence against women, for example. For these authors, however, analyses of sex trafficking persist in maintaining a closed dialogue, influenced by a conservative view of prostitution as a form of violence against women in an industry — the sex industry — created and managed by men, in which women have no autonomy or power to act.
This view is particularly important when a Southern epistemology is introduced into the analysis, forcing us to take into account the strategies of women who, due to various factors economic, cultural, the consequences of war, etc. From a post-colonial perspective, these authors therefore point out that attention should be paid to women from the South so that their interests can be understood and the social relations in which they engage are not constantly seen as archaic and authoritarian.
Their consent is a central issue here, and their voice, migration choices and survival strategies should be taken into account. Some of these women are migrant workers and not sex slaves; they want security but do not want to be saved Kempadoo, b. Sweden, for example, criminalises procurement and punishes clients who resort to sexual services provided by trafficked women, whilst the German and Dutch governments have decriminalised prostitution and established rules to regulate employment in this area.
Due to this diversity of legal situations, the Protocol does not clarify this controversial issue but leaves it as a matter for individual states to decide. The CATW states that it agrees with the beliefs expressed in the Convention on Trafficking, namely that prostitution and trafficking are incompatible with human dignity and that consent to trafficking for the purposes of sexual exploitation is impossible, whilst the GAATW considers that the Protocol only covers enforced prostitution and does not demand that governments treat all prostitution as trafficking.
In a model was introduced to signal, identify and integrate individuals involved in trafficking situations, which appears to have made an important contribution towards a more informed understanding of the quantitative reality of human trafficking in Portugal. According to a joint statement issued by the Coordinator and National Rapporteur for Human Trafficking and the team leader of the Observatory for Human Trafficking, by June the monitoring system had accounted for a total of cases of possible human trafficking situations 46 signalled in the first 6 months of , and the remainder the result of signalling during the previous year.
Some of these cases were still then under investigation in order to confirm whether or not they involved situations of trafficking. One aspect of the situation seems to stand out in particular: the overwhelming majority of the alleged victims were foreigners, particularly Brazilians above all when sexual exploitation was involved. The situation of illegal status was common to two thirds of the foreign individuals signalled, reinforcing the idea that illegality contributes to the vulnerability of many immigrants, placing them in situations that favour various kinds of exploitation Santos et al.
It is particularly significant that, even though the cases signalled refer mainly to sexual exploitation, the majority of those already confirmed are associated with exploitation of labour and involve male victims. This fact may represent the reality, but it may also be the result of the greater complexity involved in detecting and confirming sex trafficking. One of the main changes was that the protection of individual interests took priority over the protection of the moral values of society.
It should be stressed, however, that the goal was not to punish the practice of prostitution itself, but the conduct of agents who, by deceptive or violent means, involved individuals in prostitution or other defined sexual acts in a foreign country. The law added the following objective elements: abuse of authority resulting from a hierarchical, economic or employment relationship in which the victim is a dependent, and profiting from any particularly vulnerable circumstances affecting the victim.
Moreover, the fact that few cases of human trafficking for the purposes of sexual exploitation have been brought to court limits the debate in terms of jurisprudence and deeper examination of the concept. Some of the amendments were imposed by European Union framework decisions and other instruments binding upon the Portuguese state. The crime of human trafficking no longer appeared in the section of the Penal Code referring to crimes against sexual freedom, but was moved to the chapter on crimes against personal freedom. An agent who commits the crime of pimping, either by using violence or extreme threats, deception or fraudulent acts or by abusing the authority resulting from a family, supervisory or guardian relationship, a dependent hierarchical, economic or employment relationship, or by taking advantage of the psychological incapacity or any vulnerability associated with the victim, shall be punished with a term of imprisonment of 1 to 8 years.
In addition, according to Vaz Patto, the question of consent assumes particular relevance here, especially for those who are on opposite sides of the debate concerning the legalisation of prostitution. Although he emphasizes that these are separate issues, he argues that the fact that consent is considered irrelevant in situations where vulnerability is exploited may, in practice, come close to criminalising prostitution in general, the reverse being equally possible.
However, we also encountered cases, either reported by interviewees or through analyses of legal proceedings, in which women did not know that the work awaiting them in Portugal was prostitution. Extreme cases of deception — in which the woman did not know she would be forced to work as a prostitute or in any other activity of a sexual nature — involve primarily women of other nationalities, in particular those from Central and Eastern Europe, Asia and Africa.
This perception merits various considerations. Firstly, it should be noted that it was through violent cases involving women from Eastern Europe that Portugal woke up to the reality of this kind of trafficking. Indeed, in these informal groups it is not unusual for the recruiters to be people who have great credibility in the eyes of their victims, since they are friends, family members, colleagues, etc. As a member of the criminal police force told us:.
That is not to say that she might not be, that issues concerning her origins before coming here might not make her a victim of trafficking. But the tendency is not to consider this. This is a situation that clearly has to be corrected. On the other hand, what happens with this Moldavian and others from Eastern Europe is that we immediately look at them differently, because these are situations that clearly represent potential cases of trafficking. Not just pimping, not just illegal immigration, but potential trafficking situations. P3, criminal police P6, magistrate Following on from the work of Kelly and Regan apud Aronowitz, , there are several levels of victimisation which correspond to different types of victims.
The first level is associated with total coercion, when victims are kidnapped and there is no consent whatsoever. The third level involves a lesser degree of deception, when women know they will be working in the sex industry, but not in prostitution. Finally, the fourth level of victimisation, which is taken to be the least serious, concerns women who, prior to departure, already knew that they would be working as prostitutes, but did not know the extent to which they would be controlled, intimidated, indebted and exploited.
There are many reasons why these cases run the risk of going unnoticed: 1 there are many women who were prostitutes in their country of origin, and therefore, to a biased eye, it is difficult to see them as victims or as exploited; 2 there are women who knew they were coming to work as prostitutes and accepted the initial rules of the game; yet, despite maintaining the illusion that they live in a world they have created of their own free will, are frequently subjected to redefinitions and changes of rules by those in a position to take advantage of the previously mentioned vulnerabilities and invisibilities; 3 there are many immigrant women who chose to work as prostitutes in Portugal without losing control of the rules of the game.
A third aspect concerns the fact that illegal immigration is a situation in which both promoters and victims the immigrants and the exploited share a fear of the state and the security forces. Statistically, it may even seem like this crime is being caught more often than other, more extreme crimes. Prostitution is a strongly enforced crime that costs America large sums of money Chittom Powerful Essays words 4. One of the main reasons for the prohibition of prostitution was to keep soldiers out of the brothels so they would stay focused on the war.
After WWII, lawmakers left the prohibition laws in place instead of repealing them. Prostitution should be legal, regulated, and taxed. This would increase the quality of police protection, reduce waste in the judicial system, decrease the spread of sexually transmitted diseases, and increase federal tax revenue It is the oldest profession in the history of the world.
It has been present in most civilizations that have ever existed. In the U. A prostitution is illegal except in certain counties in Nevada. Prostitutes are convicted if caught for exercising their profession. However, why are they being punished. Although it is apparent that her research and investigation into this social experiment are well defined, it is too narrow a focus to gather all the required information to support her argument.
Kelly begins with a half hazard analysis of Elliot Spitzer infidelity, then continues down the path that is far too laser like to see the overall effect on these women; failing to see these prostitutes as real people with hearts and souls Strong Essays words 3. Research Papers words 7. In modern European cultures, several countries have come to the conclusion that legalized prostitution is the best option for those specific countries.
The Bedford Case has opened up a debate on whether prostitution should be decriminalized in Canada. Through my research, I offer a comparative analysis of four approaches to prostitution, which aid in illustrating the effects that decriminalization would have on prostitutes, and women as a whole This has caused a lack of regulations which can increase the risk of abuse, human trafficking, drug abuse, and the spread of disease.
Free Prostitution Essays and Papers
Presently, prostitution is considered a crime in the United States, except for some parts of the state of Nevada where it is regulated per brothel in Las Vegas Prostitution is one of the most dangerous professions in the world. Prostitutes face a huge risk of catching an STD since they have sex with so many different people.
Physical abuse toward these women is almost certain in this industry Prostitution is the provision of sexual services for negotiated payment between consenting adults. So defined, prostitution is a service industry in which people exchange sexual favors for money or other reward. It 's high time to legalize and regulate this part of American culture which will lead to reduction of violence and keeping sex workers healthy. Safety is normally number one for all prostitutes and brothel owners, because a safe location is better for business but we 're not helping them by making consenting sex work a crime There are many different opinions and misconceptions about this type of work.
Secondly, prostitutes are at risk of violence by their own clients and can face harmful situations. Many may disagree and believe that prostitution may actually be good for society Better Essays words 3 pages Preview. Prostitution is legal only if it is carried out privately. These above said activities play an integral part in prostitution itself and outlawing them indirectly makes prostitution illegal. The US Government is attempting to reform its policies in regard to healthcare, fighting a war on crime and drugs, and adding fuel to both of these fires is the current economic recession.
One of the crimes that is deeply rooted in all of these dilemmas, is prostitution. Majority of the population thinks of the stereotypical, drug-induced woman, with the plethora of bruises to match. Her tattered too short skirt and barely-there shirt with the six inch heels are her uniform. Any street corner: her work place. Television and the media helped formed this distorted image of what a prostitute is when the real occupation is far from that twisted perception. The stereotype has even helped in keeping prostitution illegal in majority of America, but those stereotypes are just that: stereotypes.
The real truth is that prostitution is an ever-growing business that should be legalize That however, sets the stage for disaster; women can get beaten and raped but will not report it out of fear of getting arrested themselves. To protect prostitutes and their patrons, voluntary prostitution of those over the age of eighteen in inevitable and must be legalized. Prostitution is highly controversial, many claiming that the legalization would lead to more prostitution, which would therefore be a larger disgrace to society Better Essays words 1. Should prostitution be legalized.
Or should it stay illegal with no chance of becoming decriminalized. Some researchers confirm that prostitution is indeed the most ancient profession, while others argue with it; however, everybody agrees that trading sex for money has existed for quite a while. Prostitution is still a part of modern society.
The fact speaks for itself, as there will always be a demand for the services that it provides, prostitution will exist in some form no matter what In many cultures, prostitutes were looked up to and were respected members of society until those countries were colonized by Europeans. The trade of sex for material objects was not necessarily deemed specifically as prostitution.
Prostitution would also be used by women to find new partners Prostitution is one of the world 's oldest professions. Men and women all over the world are free to chose this profession as their own, yet not in the US. Only one state has legalized prostitution and some want it made illegal there this would be a mistake as it would exacerbate the problems caused by it not being legal Sex trade is a global problem presently and will increase throughout the world if nothing is done to prevent and eliminate it.
Strong Essays words 4 pages Preview. Prostitution is a punishable crime no matter what your age. Something like prostitution is one example of this instance. If we decriminalized prostitution and taxed it, it could benefit the country in a huge way. Also having a impact on the women that participate in these activities. By putting regulations and safety standards in place we can make a safer environment for the women of the world. In a time of a failing economy many people are scrambling to figure something out to keep it from crumbling Some might verbally express that it exploits woman and emboldens sex trafficking, but when prostitution is legalized to prevent such things it should only be done in a well-regulated capacity; such as brothels or escorting business.
Free research essays on topics related to: legalizing prostitution
Proponents of legalizing prostitution in such forms believe that it would help stop violence against woman, redirect law enforcement resources, it would bolster the health of sex workers and Johns, they would be given labor rights that they deserve, and it would be a great source of tax revenue The argument against prostitution as a job for women will be supported by various feminist theories. By following the discourse of prostitution as a chosen profession by women and the implication of the choice in the society, this essay will provide academic findings in answering the key issues in the sex workers profession.
Is it possible to stop prostitution entirely. The debate on whether prostitution should be legalized in the United Sates is not a new one. On the topic of prostitution different ideas such as morality and freedom of choice come to play.
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The differing of opinions on whether prostitution should be legalized in the United States vary greatly, but generally they fall into three categories: anti-prostitution, decriminalization, and pro-legalization. The viewpoints that are the most vehemently opposed to legalizing prostitution in the United States stem from religious ideals This is about studies showing that exchange of sex for money and favor begun as early as the ancient period. There are approximately 2,, prostitutes operating in the red-lights of US Loue, S.
These are made up of elderly and young girls who trail into the sex clubs and brothels in red light districts. It is also reported that the number of women working as commercial sex workers who have not identified themselves as such or registered with sex workers unions is more than those who have registered Where this agreement usually ends, however, in on the question of prostitution being legalized. Whereas some are convinced that it should be legalized, others maintain that it should remain illegal. I agree that prostitution should be legalized. A point that needs emphasizing since so many people still believe that the government should not interfere with their life choices However, there is a much darker side where women are promised golden opportunities in more opportunistic areas and upon their arrival, they are forced into a billion-dollar sex trade, where they become sexual slaves Jeffreys 4.
Therefore, prostitution can be a blessing and a curse. However, there is a much darker side where women are promised golden opportunities in more opportunious area and upon their arrival they are forced into a billion-dollar sex trade where they become sexual slaves themselves Jeffreys 4. Gender equality, sexual morality in marriage and human autonomy are three basic factors in moral principle which are promoted in society.
The origin behind this phrase dates back to ancient times to the oldest profession: prostitution. Prostitution is defined as the act of providing sexual services to a person in exchange for money, goods or other services Trifiolis 1. Prostitution has been around for centuries The word prostitution comes in a variety of different labels, for example, whoring, sex trade, or dated whoredom; nevertheless, prostitution is very well known as well as extremely controversial.
The question is, should prostitution be legalized. By examining the topic of prostitution, we will be analyzing examples that are associated such as health, crime, human trafficking, the economy, as well as whether prostitution is demeaning or not; hence, helping clear whether or not prostitution should be considered a legitimate business There have been many debates of whether that prostitution should be legalized in the U.
With that said, prostitution should be able to help further us in the U. S such as life improvement, economic advantage, and decrease in sexual transmitted diseases.